This perspective provides a comprehensive overview of the recent research on 3D graphene porous materials (3GPM) with excellent mechanical properties. It analyzes the factors that affect the mechanical behaviour of 3GPM and examines their diverse applications in various fields, such as adsorption, energy storage, solar steam generation, sensors, flexible electronics, and electromagnetic wave shielding. Finally, it outlines the new challenges and opportunities for the fabrication and functionalization of robust and elastic 3GPM.
3D graphene porous materials (3GPM), which have low density, large porosity, excellent compressibility, high conductivity, hold huge promise for a wide range of applications. Nevertheless, most 3GPM have brittle and weak network structures, which limits their widespread use. Therefore, the preparation of a robust and elastic graphene porous network is critical for the functionalization of 3GPM. Herein, the recent research of 3GPM with excellent mechanical properties are summarized and the focus is on the effect factors that affect the mechanical properties of 3GPM. Moreover, the applications of elastic 3GPM in various fields, such as adsorption, energy storage, solar steam generation, sensors, flexible electronics, and electromagnetic wave shielding are comprehensively reviewed. At last, the new challenges and perspective for fabrication and functionalization of robust and elastic 3GPM are outlined. It is expected that the perspective will inspire more new ideas in preparation and functionalization of 3GPM.
Meichun Ding, Demin Zhao, Rui Wei, Zhenying Duan, Yuxi Zhao, Zeyang Li, Tianhao Lin, Chenwei Li*
How to cite:
M. Ding, D. Zhao, R. Wei, Z. Duan, Y. Zhao, Z. Li, T. Lin, C. Li, Exploration 2023, 20230057.