The realization of ideal radioprotectors has long been the hotspot in radiation medicine. Recently, nano-technology is equipping the traditional radioprotectors with better bioavailability, less toxicity, etc. This review summarized the development, design innovations, applications, challenges, and prospects of the intrinsic antiradiation nanomedicines, and presented a comprehensive overview, in-depth analysis, and an updated understanding of the latest advances in this topic.
Ionizing radiation (IR) poses a growing threat to human health, and thus ideal radioprotectors with high efficacy and low toxicity still receive widespread attention in radiation medicine. Despite significant progress made in conventional radioprotectants, high toxicity, and low bioavailability still discourage their application. Fortunately, the rapidly evolving nanomaterial technology furnishes reliable tools to address these bottlenecks, opening up the cutting-edge nano-radioprotective medicine, among which the intrinsic nano-radioprotectants characterized by high efficacy, low toxicity, and prolonged blood retention duration, represent the most extensively studied class in this area. Herein, we made the systematic review on this topic, and discussed more specific types of radioprotective nanomaterials and more general clusters of the extensive nano-radioprotectants. In this review, we mainly focused on the development, design innovations, applications, challenges, and prospects of the intrinsic antiradiation nanomedicines, and presented a comprehensive overview, in-depth analysis as well as an updated understanding of the latest advances in this topic. We hope that this review will promote the interdisciplinarity across radiation medicine and nanotechnology and stimulate further valuable studies in this promising field.
Jiaming Guo†, Zhemeng Zhao†, Zeng-Fu Shang, Zhongmin Tang, Huanhuan Zhu*, Kun Zhang*
How to cite:
J. Guo, Z. Zhao, Z.-F. Shang, Z. Tang, H. Zhu, K. Zhang, Exploration 2023, 3, 20220119.