This review mainly focuses on the nanoscale electrodeposition with respect to dimension control and three-dimensional (3D) conformality. The overall principles of electrodeposition are presented, and the feasible dimensional/morphological control of various materials and the uniform coatings on various substrates are introduced.
Electrodeposition with a long history has been considered one of the important synthesis techniques for applying various applications. It is a feasible route for fabricating nanostructures using diverse materials due to its simplicity, cost-effectiveness, flexibility, and ease of reaction control. Herein, we mainly focus on the nanoscale electrodeposition with respect to dimension control and three-dimensional (3D) conformality. The principles of electrodeposition, dimensional design of materials, and uniform coatings on various substrates are presented. We introduce that manipulating synthesis parameters such as precursors, applied current/voltage, and additives affect the synthesis reaction, resulting in not only dimensional control of materials from three-dimensional structures to zero-dimensional atomic-level but also conformal coatings on complicated substrates. Various cases regarding morphology control of metal (hydro)oxides, metals, and metal–organic frameworks according to electrodeposition conditions are summarized. Lastly, recent studies of applications such as batteries, photoelectrodes, and electrocatalysts using electrodeposited materials are summarized. This review represents significant advances in the nanoscale design of materials through methodological approaches, which are highly attractive from both academic and commercial aspects.
Sol A Lee†, Jin Wook Yang†, Sungkyun Choi†, Ho Won Jang*
How to cite:
S. A. Lee, J. W. Yang, S. Choi, H. W. Jang, Exploration 2021, 20210012.