Opportunities and challenges of hole transport materials for high-performance inverted hybrid-perovskite solar cells

In this perspective, the recent advancements of inverted perovskite solar cells based on diverse hole transport materials, including polymer-, copper-, nickel-based and self-assembled monolayers and others, have been systematically reviewed. In addition, the current research issues and possible future directions for industry applications are given from the authors’ point of view.


Inverted perovskite solar cells (inverted-PSCs) have exhibited advantages of longer stability, less hysteresis, and lower fabrication temperature when compared to their regular counterparts, which are important for industry commercialization. Because of the great efforts that have been conducted in the past several years, the obtained efficiency of inverted-PSCs has almost caught up with that of the regular ones, 25.0% versus 25.7%. In this perspective, the recent studies on the design of high-performance inverted-PSCs based on diverse hole transport materials, as well as device fabrication and characterization are first reviewed. After that, the authors moved on to the interface and additive engineering that were exploited to suppress the nonradiative recombination. Finally, the challenges and possible research pathways for facilitating the industrialization of inverted-PSCs were envisaged.

Author list:

Ru Li, Xue Liu, Jiangzhao Chen*

How to cite:

R. Li, X. Liu, J. Chen, Exploration 2023, 3, 20220027.