Review Article

Mechanisms for self-templating design of micro/nanostructures toward efficient energy storage

The micro/nanostructure design via self-templating method offers a viable way to significantly improve the electrochemical performances of functional materials. This review introduces five main self-templating mechanisms and compares the merits of different micro/nanostructures for energy storage. Furthermore, a summary of current challenges and the prospect of self-templating strategy for constructing high-performance electrode materials are also …

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Recent advances in self-powered and flexible UVC photodetectors

This review introduced and discussed strategies for fabricating self-powered UVC photodetectors in terms of the device structure, photoactive material, and flexible substrates. Based on the summary of previous works, we presented a brief outlook of challenges and future strategies for deep-UVC photodetectors. Abstract: Ultraviolet-C (UVC) radiation is employed in various applications, including irreplaceable applications in …

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Therapeutic gas-releasing nanomedicines with controlled release: Advances and perspectives

This review takes a critical look at four key gasotransmitters (CO, NO, H2S and SO2) with their incorporation into prodrugs known as gas-releasing molecule. Different nanosystems and their mediatory roles for efficient shuttling, targeting and cleavage of therapeutic gases and the responsiveness to typical internal and external stimuli for gas release from prodrugs have been …

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Role of bioaerosol in virus transmission and material-based countermeasures

Virus dissemination through droplets or aerosols is a predominant transmission mode of respiratory infections. This review summarizes direct and indirect mechanisms of aerosol generation with an emphasis on infection risks presented by the resuspension of settled droplets. Material-based approaches, including nanotechnology, to contain bioaerosol-mediated virus transmission are highlighted in this review. Abstract: Respiratory pathogens transmit …

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Recent applications of immunomodulatory biomaterials for disease immunotherapy

Understanding the immunomodulatory functions of biomaterials themselves is critical for developing safe and effective immunotherapeutic platforms. This review summarizes some representative biomaterials with immunomodulatory functions discovered in recent years and their applications in therapy for inflammation, tumor, and autoimmune diseases, and discusses the challenges for the future development of biomaterials. Abstract: Immunotherapy is used to …

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Stimuli-responsive crosslinked nanomedicine for cancer treatment

We classify the stimuli-responsive crosslinked nanomedicines (SCNs) into three categories based on the crosslinking strategies, including built-in, on-surface, and inter-particle crosslinking nanomedicines. These SCNs can respond to particular tumoral stimuli and go through a series of dynamic changes to circumvent different biological barriers, and subsequently improve anti-cancer efficacy and imaging sensitivity and specificity. Abstract: Nanomedicines …

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Interfacial wettability and mass transfer characterizations for gas–liquid–solid triple-phase catalysis

The review focuses on the strategies for evaluating the wettability-controlled mass transfer process at triple-phase interfaces. Ten types of characterizations are described based on photocatalytic and electrocatalytic reactions involving water and gas molecules. Finally, the review discusses the tasks of advanced characterizations to help understand the fundamental reaction mechanism for triple-phase catalysis. Abstract: Heterogeneous catalysis …

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Nanomaterials-assisted metabolic analysis toward in vitro diagnostics

Nanomaterials have found extensive applications in the metabolic analysis of diverse bio-specimens, with efficient selectivity and sensitivity. The nanomaterial-based metabolic analysis is always accompanied by accurate quantitation of targeted metabolite biomarkers and high-throughput profiling of untargeted metabolic fingerprints, adding practical value to in vitro diagnostics. Its further developments will have far-reaching implications for the research …

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Electrodeposition: An efficient method to fabricate self-supported electrodes for electrochemical energy conversion systems

The high-performance electrocatalysts have attracted significant attention to develop efficient energy conversion systems for clean production of hydrogen, hydrocarbon compounds, and ammonia. Electrodeposition is a simple method for fabricating the electrocatalysts with facile control of compositional and morphological properties in aqueous solutions under mild conditions. In this review, recent progress in electrodeposited electrocatalysts is summarized. …

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Light responsive nucleic acid for biomedical application

Light-responsive nucleic acids have attracted much attention in the biomedical field due to their properties of remote control and high spatiotemporal resolution. This review summarizes recent research progress in light-responsive nucleic acid systems. The challenges in this field are discussed and future prospects are prospected. This review will provide inspiration for the rational design of …

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