Review Article

The flow of anisotropic nanoparticles in solution and in blood

There is an increased interest in the use of non-spherical nanoparticles for drug delivery as they often display better blood circulation time. However, there is little understanding of the behaviour of these nanoparticles in blood flow. Microfluidic devices can now gain better insight as alignment of anisotropic nanoparticles as well as their margination towards the …

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Manipulating calcium homeostasis with nanoplatforms for enhanced cancer therapy

This review paper provides a comprehensive overview of nanoplatforms that manipulate calcium ions (Ca2+) homeostasis to enhance cancer therapy. It offers a detailed exploration of two Ca2+¬†regulation strategies employed by these nanoplatforms, including Ca2+¬†overload and inhibition, and discusses the applications of Ca2+-related nanomaterials in various cell types, such as cancer cells and immune cells. The …

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Progress on quantum dot photocatalysts for biomass valorization

Quantum dots (QDs) catalyzed biomass valorization into high-value-added chemicals and fuels under solar light is an essential measure to achieve the target of carbon neutrality. This review summarizes the current development of the rational design of QDs photocatalysts for efficient biomass valorization including tuning particle size, structure, surface properties, and ligands. Abstract: Biomass with abundant …

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Toward maximum energy density enabled by anode-free lithium metal batteries: Recent progress and perspective

To comprehend the anode-free lithium metal batteries, it is gone into detail in this review about current collector modification, electrolyte optimization, cathode engineering, and regulation of cycling parameters. Abstract: Owing to the emergenceof energy storage and electric vehicles, the desire for safe high-energy-density energy storage devices has increased research interest in anode-free lithium metal batteries …

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Minimally invasive power sources for implantable electronics

This review paper provides a comprehensive overview of the historical development of implantable medical electronics (IMEs) and three main categories of applicable alternative minimally invasive power sources. A detailed discussion of energy storage and harvesting mechanism, configurational design, output power and in vivo applications is given. An outlook based on the current advancements and limitations …

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Physicochemical understanding of biomineralization by molecular vibrational spectroscopy: From mechanism to nature

An overview of the biomineralization process from the perspective of molecular vibrational spectroscopy, including the physicochemical properties of biomineralized tissues, from physiological to applied mineralization. Indeed, the clearly defined physicochemical properties of mineral crystals could pave the way for studies on the mechanisms and applications. Abstract: The process and mechanism of biomineralization and relevant physicochemical …

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Engineered nanodrug targeting oxidative stress for treatment of acute kidney injury

Engineered nanoparticles targeting oxidative stress have shown promising perspectives in treating acute kidney injury (AKI). By examining the challenges, advancements, and limitations of different studies in this field, this review fills a significant knowledge gap. In addition, it offers valuable insights for future research on engineering nanoparticles to address AKI. Abstract: Acute kidney injury (AKI) …

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Artificial intelligence in breast imaging: Current situation and clinical challenges

This paper provides an overview of the current state of artificial intelligence (AI) in breast imaging, encompassing breast imaging databases, deep learning algorithms, and clinical research. The authors additionally discuss the progress of breast imaging AI through the lens of National Natural Science Foundation of China project proposals. Finally, the authors address the perspectives and …

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Scientific issues of zinc-bromine flow batteries and mitigation strategies

Zinc-bromine flow batteries are a type of rechargeable battery that uses zinc and bromine in the electrolytes to store and release electrical energy. The relatively high energy density and long lifespan make them an ideal choice for grid-scale energy storage applications. Abstract: Zinc-bromine flow batteries (ZBFBs) are promising candidates for the large-scale stationary energy storage …

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Bioinspired gradient scaffolds for osteochondral tissue engineering

The difficulty in repairing osteochondral injuries is mainly the complex gradient properties of natural osteochondral structures. This review discusses the development of various osteochondral tissue engineering scaffolds with gradient properties, including pore gradients, composition gradients, and inducing factor gradients, discusses the future research focus of gradient scaffolds and the trend of osteochondral tissue engineering, and …

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