Review Article

Advances in upconversion luminescence nanomaterial-based biosensor for virus diagnosis

This review discusses the recent advancement in the upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP)-based biosensors for virus and biomarkers detection. We summarize four basic principles that guide the design of UCNP-based biosensors, which are utilized with luminescent or electric responses as output signals. Relative strategies with a detailed discussion are presented, and we suggest routes for progress in …

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mRNA nanomedicine: Design and recent applications

mRNA nanomedicines have shown considerable promise as prophylactic and therapeutic agents given their capacity to enable the in situ production of any protein. In this review, we discuss the design of nanoparticle-based platforms for mRNA delivery, as well as their recent application to viral infections, cancers, and genetic diseases. Abstract: The rational design and application …

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MXene based nanocomposite films

This review summarized the fabrication method of MXene-based nanocomposite films and discussed the mechanical properties and the application of electromagnetic shielding, thermal conductivity, and supercapacitors. Finally, based on the summary of previous works, we prospected the challenges and prospects of MXene-based nanocomposite films in the future of scientific research. Abstract: Since the first report in …

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Biofibrous nanomaterials for extracting strategic metal ions from water

Extracting strategic metals from water has attracted much attention in the last decade due to their indispensable role and growing demand in the related industries. This review summarizes the research progress in the adsorption of typical strategic metal ions such as Au3+, U(VI), and Li+ using materials based on biofibrous nanomaterials. The current challenges and future …

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Omni-functional crystal: Advanced methods to characterize the composition and homogeneity of lithium niobate melts and crystals

For optical, electrical, and acoustic device applications, the advanced characterization method for measuring composition, microstructure, defect, domain, homogeneity, Curie temperature, refractive index, piezoelectricity of LiNbO3 bulk crystal is needed. Abstract: Lithium niobate (LN) is a type of multifunctional dielectric and ferroelectric crystal that is widely used in acoustic, optical, and optoelectronic devices. The performance of pure …

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Challenges and advances of organic electrode materials for sustainable secondary batteries

Organic electrode materials with merits of bountiful resources, structural designability, and sustainability offer an attractive solution to develop the degradable and eco-friendly batteries. This review is focusing on the issues and complex redox mechanism faced by organic electrode materials from microscale to macroscale level, in combination with the state-of-art strategies and in-depth outlook, promoting sustainable …

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Nanotechnology-facilitated vaccine development during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic

This review comprehensively summarizes the advantages that nanotechnology holds for vaccine development, as well as the current situation of nanotechnology-enabled vaccine development against the COVID-19 pandemic, with a focus on the interplay between nanotechnology and the host immune system. Abstract: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continually poses a significant threat to the human race, and prophylactic …

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Mechanisms for self-templating design of micro/nanostructures toward efficient energy storage

The micro/nanostructure design via self-templating method offers a viable way to significantly improve the electrochemical performances of functional materials. This review introduces five main self-templating mechanisms and compares the merits of different micro/nanostructures for energy storage. Furthermore, a summary of current challenges and the prospect of self-templating strategy for constructing high-performance electrode materials are also …

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Recent advances in self-powered and flexible UVC photodetectors

This review introduced and discussed strategies for fabricating self-powered UVC photodetectors in terms of the device structure, photoactive material, and flexible substrates. Based on the summary of previous works, we presented a brief outlook of challenges and future strategies for deep-UVC photodetectors. Abstract: Ultraviolet-C (UVC) radiation is employed in various applications, including irreplaceable applications in …

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Therapeutic gas-releasing nanomedicines with controlled release: Advances and perspectives

This review takes a critical look at four key gasotransmitters (CO, NO, H2S and SO2) with their incorporation into prodrugs known as gas-releasing molecule. Different nanosystems and their mediatory roles for efficient shuttling, targeting and cleavage of therapeutic gases and the responsiveness to typical internal and external stimuli for gas release from prodrugs have been …

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