Review Article

Mitochondria-targeted nanoparticles in treatment of neurodegenerative diseases

This review summarized the advantages and challenges of nanotechnology-based mitochondrial-targeted therapy for neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). In this review, relationships between mitochondrial dysfunction and NDs are discussed; the applications of various NPs in treatment and diagnosis of mitochondrial dysfunction related NDs are also introduced. Abstract: Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) are a class of heterogeneous diseases that includes …

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Ultrasound-controlled drug release and drug activation for cancer therapy

This review presents a comprehensive summary of the current understanding of ultrasound-sensitive drug delivery systems for controlled drug release and drug activation. The typical mechanisms and the main factors affecting the ultrasonic responsiveness of drug carriers are summarized. Representative examples of ultrasound-controlled drug release and drug activation are highlighted. Abstract: Traditional chemotherapy suffers from severe …

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Schiff-bases for sustainable battery and supercapacitor electrodes

A Schiff-base reaction is a condensation reaction between amine and carbonyl groups. It can be used to synthesize various organic materials. The precursors are often low-cost, and the synthesis utilizes mild conditions without the use of toxic chemicals. Therefore, these materials gained significant attention for sustainable electrodes. In this review, we discuss their applicability for …

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Advanced bioactive nanomaterials for biomedical applications

In this review, we summary the recent advances of bioactive nanomaterials, and discuss the influence factors of bioactivities including the physical structure of bioactive nanomaterials, surface properties, and nanotopography. Then, a range of bioactive nanomaterials, including inorganic nanomaterials, carbon-based nanomaterials, polymeric nanomaterials, and supramolecular-based nanomaterials are discussed. In addition, we also introduce several typical applications …

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Advanced microfluidic devices for fabricating multi‐structural hydrogel microsphere

The review summarizes the features of hydrogel microspheres and microfluidic technique, followed by the discussion of material selection in fabricating microfluidic device. Then the progress of microfluidic devices for both single-component and composite hydrogel microspheres is described. Finally, this review discusses the key research direction and application of microfluidics for hydrogel microsphere in the future. …

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Hydrogen production coupled with water and organic oxidation based on layered double hydroxides

In this review, we have summarized the latest research progress of hydrogen production from the perspectives of designing efficient LDHs-based electrocatalysts for OER and EHCO. Meanwhile, the challenges in the field of hydrogen production via electrochemical water splitting coupled with organic oxidation have been raised. Abstract: Hydrogen production via electrochemical water splitting is one of …

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Nanoscale electrodeposition: Dimension control and 3D conformality

This review mainly focuses on the nanoscale electrodeposition with respect to dimension control and three-dimensional (3D) conformality. The overall principles of electrodeposition are presented, and the feasible dimensional/morphological control of various materials and the uniform coatings on various substrates are introduced. Abstract: Electrodeposition with a long history has been considered one of the important synthesis …

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Recombinant lactic acid bacteria as promising vectors for mucosal vaccination

Schematic illustration of the locations of expressed antigen by recombinant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and vaccine strategies applicated in LAB vaccines for enhancing immune responses. Abstract: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB), a diverse family of gram-positive bacteria, has been proven effective in delivering varieties of therapeutic and prophylactic molecules such as antigens and cytokines. Featuring the …

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MXenes as a versatile platform for reactive surface modification and superior sodium-ion storages

Given the potential of MXenes towards Na-ion storage, the recent advances of Na-ion adsorption, intercalation, and migration on MXenes and their hybrids generated from reactive surface modification are summarized. Abstract: Owing to the large surface area and adjustable surface properties, the two-dimensional (2D) MXenes have revealed the great potential in constructing hybrid materials and for …

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Rational ion transport management mediated through membrane structures

Unique membrane structures endow membranes with controlled ion transport properties in both biological and artificial systems, showing broad application prospects in different fields. In this review, current advances in nanochannel-structured membranes for manipulating ion transport are reviewed from the perspective of membrane structures, followed by a discussion of stimulus responsiveness, construction methods, and applications. Finally, …

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