Review Article

Recent progress in quantitative analysis of self-assembled peptides

Self-assembled peptides have been among the important biomaterials due to its excellent biocompatibility and diverse functions. This review summarizes the techniques for quantitative analysis, including imaging-based quantitative techniques, chromatographic technique, and computational approach. These techniques can facilitate the investigation of the structure, properties, biomedical applications, and even supramolecular assembly processes of self-assembled peptides. The perspective …

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Bioimaging and prospects of night pearls-based persistence phosphors in cancer diagnostics

This review is directed at the bioimaging of persistent phosphors. Typical synthetic methods such as the high-temperature solid state, thermal decomposition, hydrothermal/solvothermal, and template methods are proposed. The luminescence mechanisms of persistent phosphors are discussed and effective matrixes including galliumate, germanium, aluminate, and fluoride is explored. Finally, persistence phosphors have the potential to improve the …

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Bioprinted research models of urological malignancy

In this review, a series of bioprinted research models are presented for the fundamental research of urological malignancies. This review summarizes and discusses five aspects, including bioprinting technology, polymer-based inks, collection of seeding cells, culturing of cancer models, and the applications for biomedical research. Moreover, several current challenges and future directions are prospected and highlighted. …

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Stimuli-responsive linkers and their application in molecular imaging

Stimuli-responsive linkers are appealing tools to improve the specificity, sensitivity, and efficacy of molecular imaging. In this review, the recent examples and progress toward the development of stimuli-responsive linkers and their application in molecular imaging are systematically summarized, highlighting the potential of these linkers in the design of activatable molecular imaging probes. Abstract: Molecular imaging …

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Exploration of metal-free 2D electrocatalysts toward the oxygen electroreduction

This review presents recent advances in metal-free 2D materials for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), covering mechanistic insights, catalyst development, and performance enhancement. It also addresses challenges and future prospects for the development of high-performance metal-free 2D electrocatalysts toward the ORR. Abstract: The advancement of economical and readily available electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction …

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Recent advances in reactive oxygen species scavenging nanomaterials for wound healing

Here, the essential role of redox balance in wound healing and skin regeneration is summarized. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging strategies are classified and discussed along with the most recent work. In addition, valuable insights are offered for future research directions and is expected to promote further studies on the ROS scavenging nanomaterials for wound …

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Emerging strategies for combating Fusobacterium nucleatum in colorectal cancer treatment: Systematic review, improvements and future challenges

This review summarizes strategies to combat F. nucleatum and F. nucleatum biofilms for enhanced treatment of CRC, including natural extracts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals, polymers, inorganic-organic hybrid materials, bacteriophages, probiotics, and vaccines. Additionally, the review highlights recent advances in anti-F. nucleatum research, elucidates the antimicrobial mechanisms of the proposed anti-F. nucleatum systems, and discusses the …

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Catalytic and biocatalytic degradation of microplastics

In this article, the catalytic degradation of microplastics using various catalysts including enzymes, small molecule catalysts, microbes, and nanozymes is reviewed. Practical environmental considerations, definition of degradation, sample preparation, and product characterization are also discussed. Abstract: In recent years, there has been a surge in annual plastic production, which has contributed to growing environmental challenges, …

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Advances in the treatment of atherosclerosis with ligand-modified nanocarriers

Overview diagram of targeted ligand-modified nanomedicines for the treatment of atherosclerosis. Ligand-modified nanoparticles targeting specific atherosclerosis receptors at each pathological stage from monocyte recruitment, macrophage polarisation and foam cell formation, vascular smooth muscle cell phenotypic transformation, and vulnerable plaque formation, opening up ideas for the design of atherosclerosis-targeted nanomedicines. Abstract: Atherosclerosis, a chronic disease associated …

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Recent advancements in implantable neural links based on organic synaptic transistors

Rapid advancement in brain synaptic devices uses field effect transistors to simulate human brain synapses. Organic semiconductors, which are noted for their simplicity and biocompatibility, have enormous potential in brain synaptic bioelectronics. This review discusses ongoing obstacles, even with employment in integrated circuits and brain networks, and covers recent improvements, their application, and future research …

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