Review Article

Hydrogen production coupled with water and organic oxidation based on layered double hydroxides

In this review, we have summarized the latest research progress of hydrogen production from the perspectives of designing efficient LDHs-based electrocatalysts for OER and EHCO. Meanwhile, the challenges in the field of hydrogen production via electrochemical water splitting coupled with organic oxidation have been raised. Abstract: Hydrogen production via electrochemical water splitting is one of …

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Nanoscale electrodeposition: Dimension control and 3D conformality

This review mainly focuses on the nanoscale electrodeposition with respect to dimension control and three-dimensional (3D) conformality. The overall principles of electrodeposition are presented, and the feasible dimensional/morphological control of various materials and the uniform coatings on various substrates are introduced. Abstract: Electrodeposition with a long history has been considered one of the important synthesis …

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Recombinant lactic acid bacteria as promising vectors for mucosal vaccination

Schematic illustration of the locations of expressed antigen by recombinant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and vaccine strategies applicated in LAB vaccines for enhancing immune responses. Abstract: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB), a diverse family of gram-positive bacteria, has been proven effective in delivering varieties of therapeutic and prophylactic molecules such as antigens and cytokines. Featuring the …

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MXenes as a versatile platform for reactive surface modification and superior sodium-ion storages

Given the potential of MXenes towards Na-ion storage, the recent advances of Na-ion adsorption, intercalation, and migration on MXenes and their hybrids generated from reactive surface modification are summarized. Abstract: Owing to the large surface area and adjustable surface properties, the two-dimensional (2D) MXenes have revealed the great potential in constructing hybrid materials and for …

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Rational ion transport management mediated through membrane structures

Unique membrane structures endow membranes with controlled ion transport properties in both biological and artificial systems, showing broad application prospects in different fields. In this review, current advances in nanochannel-structured membranes for manipulating ion transport are reviewed from the perspective of membrane structures, followed by a discussion of stimulus responsiveness, construction methods, and applications. Finally, …

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Self-powered technology based on nanogenerators for biomedical applications

With the continuous development of self-powered technology, self-powered biomedical electronic devices have attracted extensive attention due to their unprecedented advantages. Abstract: Biomedical electronic devices have enormous benefits for healthcare and quality of life. Still, the long-term working of those devices remains a great challenge due to the short life and large volume of conventional batteries. …

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Nanozyme for tumor therapy: Surface modification matters

The effects of surface modification on the antitumor activity of nanozymes are summarized in three ways: (1) directly or indirectly affecting the catalytic activity of nanozymes; (2) regulating the biodistribution of nanozymes; (3) alternating the intracellular fate of nanozymes. Abstract: As the next generation of artificial enzymes, nanozymes have shown unique properties compared to its …

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